Países do Mundo

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General information:


República do Azerbaijão
Embaixada do Azerbaijão
Endereço: SHIS QI 9, Conjunto 15, Casa 15 – Lago Sul
Brasília – DFCEP: 71625-150
Tel.: (61) 3253-9803 / 9805

Azerbaijan, officially the Republic of Azerbaijan, is a transcontinental country
located at the boundary of Eastern Europe and Western Asia with a population
of 10,353,296. It is a part of the South Caucasus region and is bounded by the
Caspian Sea to the east, Russia (Republic of Dagestan) to the north, Georgia to
the northwest, Armenia and Turkey to the west, and Iran to the south. Baku is
the capital and largest city.

The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic proclaimed its independence from the
Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic in 1918 and became the first
secular democratic Muslim-majority state. In 1920, the country was incorporated
into the Soviet Union as the Azerbaijan SSR. The modern Republic of
Azerbaijan proclaimed its independence on 30 August 1991, shortly before the
dissolution of the Soviet Union in the same year. In September 1991, the ethnic
Armenian majority of the Nagorno-Karabakh region formed the self-proclaimed
Republic of Artsakh. The region and seven surrounding districts are
internationally recognized as part of Azerbaijan pending a solution to the status
of the Nagorno-Karabakh through negotiations facilitated by the OSCE,
although became de facto independent with the end of the First Nagorno-
Karabakh War in 1994. Following the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War in 2020,
the seven districts and parts of Nagorno-Karabakh were returned to Azerbaijani

Azerbaijan is a unitary semi-presidential republic. It is one of six independent
Turkic states and an active member of the Organization of Turkic States and the
TÜRKSOY community. Azerbaijan has diplomatic relations with 182 countries
and holds membership in 38 international organizations, including the United
Nations, the Council of Europe, the Non-Aligned Movement, the OSCE, and the
NATO PfP program. It is one of the founding members of GUAM, the CIS, and
the OPCW. Azerbaijan is also an observer state of the WTO.
The vast majority of the country's population (97%) is nominally Muslim, but the
constitution does not declare an official religion and all major political forces in
the country are secularist. Azerbaijan is a developing country and ranks 88th on
the Human Development Index. It has a high rate of economic development,
literacy, and a low rate of unemployment.